January 10, 2022
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What is growth hormone deficiency?
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a rare condition in which the body does not make enough growth hormone (GH). GH is made by the pituitary gland, a small organ at the base of the brain.
In children, GH is essential for normal growth, muscle and bone strength, and distribution of body fat. It also helps control glucose (sugar) and lipid (fat) levels in the body. Without enough GH, a child is likely to grow slowly and be much shorter than other children of the same age and gender.
It’s important for parents to know that there are many reasons for slow growth and below-average height in children. At times, slow growth is normal and temporary, such as right before puberty starts. A pediatric endocrinologist (children’s hormone specialist) or primary care doctor can help find out why a child is growing slowly. Most children with GHD grow less than two inches (5 centimeters) each year.
What are the signs of GHD?
What causes GHD?
Some children are born with GHD. Others develop it after birth due to a brain injury, a tumor, or radiation treatment to the head. For some children, doctors can find no cause.
How is GHD diagnosed?
Your doctor will review your child’s medical history and growth charts, and look for signs of GHD and other conditions that affect growth. Your doctor may do tests to help find the cause of slow growth. These include:
How is a child with GHD treated?
Children with GHD receive treatment with daily injections of synthetic (manufactured) human GH, a prescription medicine. The GH, given at home, is injected under the skin. Initially, monitoring is performed with serum IGF-1 levels. After 3-6 months of treatment, the growth response to GH therapy is monitored.
The best results occur when GHD is diagnosed and treated early. In some children, GH can lead to four inches (10 centimeters) of growth during the first year of treatment. Others grow less, but usually faster than without treatment. Some children need treatment until adolescence; others need it into adulthood.
What are the side effects of GH therapy?
Mild to moderate side effects are uncommon. they include:
Rare but serious side effects include:
For most children, the benefits of taking gh outweigh the risks.
What can you do to help your child with GHD?
You can help your child get the best care for GHD by taking these steps:
Source: Hormone Health Network
Stellapharm is one of leading generics pharmaceutical companies and strong producer of anti-viral drugs in Vietnam. The company established in Vietnam in 2000; and focuses on both prescription drugs and non-prescription especially in cardiovascular diseases, antiviral drugs, anti-diabetics drugs, etc. and our products are now used by millions of patients in more than 50 countries worldwide.
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Additional information for this article: Stellapharm J.V. Co., Ltd. – Branch 1
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Theo tuổi tác, hệ miễn dịch của chúng ta trở nên kém hiệu quả hơn trong việc đối phó với các tình trạng nhiễm trùng cũng như kém đáp ứng với việc chủng ngừa. Đồng thời, hệ miễn dịch lão hóa có mối liên hệ với tình trạng viêm mạn tính, từ đó làm tăng
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