January 13, 2021
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WHAT IS DIARRHEA?
Everyone has a different bowel habit which is normal for them, but diarrhea is commonly defined as having looser or more frequent stools than is normal for you. It occurs when the lining of the large intestine becomes inflamed or irritated. This prevents essential salts and fluids from food in the intestine being absorbed by the body, causing watery poo.
Most people get diarrhea every now and then and it is usually nothing to worry about. However, diarrhea can be painful and upsetting and it can take a few days or even a week to clear up. Diarrhea can be of sudden onset and lasting for less than four weeks (acute) or persistent (chronic).
Symptoms of diarrhea can range from slightly loose stools with an upset stomach, to longer-term extremely watery stools and cramps.
Common diarrhea symptoms include the following:
Diarrhea symptoms usually stop within 5 to 7 days. If symptoms persist call your doctor.
Many different things can cause diarrhea including infection, food poisoning, medication and stress:
1. Infection and food poisoning
Diarrhea can be a symptom of an acute bowel infection, often referred to as gastroenteritis. This can be caused by:
Diarrhea caused by an infection in the bowel usually comes on suddenly and lasts for five to 10 days, which is described as short term or acute diarrhea. There may be vomiting associated but this tends to settle within the first couple of days.
2. Dietary changes
Diarrhea can also simply be caused by changes in diet, for example:
3. Stress related
Stress and anxiety can cause diarrhea in some people and may be a major factor in conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome.
4. Chronic conditions
Some conditions such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, lactose intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease can all cause persistent or intermittent chronic diarrhea.
Many medicines, including Antibiotics, Antacids containing magnesium, Orlistat and SSRI antidepressants have the potential to cause diarrhea. The symptoms will usually reverse on stopping the medication.
Medicines used to treat constipation if used in excess may cause diarrhea.
Certain bowel infections may be more likely if a person has had multiple antibiotic treatments when unwell and bugs that normally do not cause a problem – like Clostridium Difficile – overgrow in the bowel causing symptoms.
DIARRHEA TREATMENT ADVICE
You can usually treat yourself and your child for diarrhea at home. Diarrhea caused by an infection should clear up within a couple of days while your immune system fights the infection, but see your doctor if your symptoms persist.
Treatment for diarrhea depends on the cause, but may include the following:
The first thing you should do is drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration. Drinking more fluids than usual will help you to rehydrate. An adult should aim to drink at least 200mls of water after each bout of diarrhea, so that your urine is clear or pale straw colored. Sip gently if you’re nauseous or vomiting.
Babies, young children, pregnant and vulnerable people with diarrhea can become dehydrated very quickly and need prompt medical attention. Seek urgent medical help if you suspect someone is dehydrated and not improving.
Rehydration products such as Dioralyte, which contains glucose, salts and water, which can be lost through diarrhea is important at all ages. These don’t stop or reduce diarrhea but replace lost salts and minerals and keep the body working normally.
For adults, if you need to urgently stop the frequency of loose bowel movements (if you’re going on a plane for example), you can take anti-diarrhea medicines containing loperamide such as Imodium. Loperamide is not recommended for children under 12 as it is thought better to let the infection clear by itself.
For bacterial diarrhea in adults, a medication containing bismuth subsalicylate, such as Pepto-Bismol liquid may also be effective.
5 home remedies to treat diarrhea
Try the following tips to ease your discomfort from diarrhea:
You can reduce your risk of contracting or spreading diarrhea by maintaining high standards of hygiene at all times. Try the following:
Stellapharm is one of leading generics pharmaceutical companies and strong producer of anti-viral drugs in Vietnam. The company established in Vietnam in 2000; and focuses on both prescription drugs and non-prescription especially in cardiovascular diseases, antiviral drugs, anti-diabetics drugs, etc. and our products are now used by millions of patients in more than 50 countries worldwide.
The company is globally recognized for its quality through our facilities have been audited and approved by stringent authority like EMA, PMDA, Taiwan GMP, local WHO and others.
Additional information for this article: Stellapharm J.V. Co., Ltd. – Branch 1
A: 40 Tu Do Avenue, Vietnam – Singapore Industrial Park, An Phu Ward, Thuan An City, Binh Duong Province, Vietnam
T: +84 274 376 7470 | F: +84 274 376 7469 | E: firstname.lastname@example.org | W: www.stellapharm.com
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