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Lisinopril STELLA 2.5 mg
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Lisinopril STELLA 2.5 mg contains lisinopril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. Lisinopril STELLA 2.5 mg is indicated for hypertension, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, diabetic nephropathy.

Pack size Box of 100 tablets
Shelf-life 36 months
Composition Lisinopril (as lisinopril dihydrate)
Dosage forms and strengths Tablet: 2.5 mg
Product code :

PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

Indications:

  • Hypertension: Lisinopril is used alone or in combination with other classes of antihypertensive agents (e.g., thiazide diuretics) in the management of hypertension.
  • Congestive heart failure: Lisinopril also is used in conjunction with cardiac glycosides and diuretics in the management of symptomatic congestive heart failure resistant to or inadequately controlled by cardiac glycosides and diuretics.
  • Acute myocardial infarction: Lisinopril may be used in conjunction with thrombolytic agents, aspirin, and/or β-adrenergic blocking agents to improve survival in patients with acute myocardial infarction who are hemodynamically stable.
  • Diabetic nephropathy.

Dosage:

Adults

Hypertension:

  • In patient not receiving a diuretic: the usual initial dosage of lisinopril is 5 – 10 mg once daily, adjusted according to the patient’s responses. The usual maintenance dosage of lisinopril in adults is 20 – 40 mg daily, given as a single dose.
  • In a patient already receiving a diuretic: It is recommended that diuretic therapy be discontinued 2 – 3 days before initiating lisinopril. If diuretic therapy cannot be discontinued, sodium intake can be increased prior to initiating lisinopril, and lisinopril should be initiated at a dosage of 5 mg daily under close medical supervision for at least 2 hours and until blood pressure has stabilized.

Congestive heart failure: The initial dosage in adults with normal renal function and serum sodium concentration is 2.5 – 5 mg daily. The usual effective dosage is 5 – 40 mg daily, given as a single dose.

Acute myocardial infarction: A 5 mg dose of lisinopril should be given within 24 hours of onset of symptoms of myocardial infarction followed by a 5 and 10 mg dose 24 and 48 hours later, respectively. Thereafter, a maintenance dosage of 10 mg daily should be used; lisinopril therapy should be continued for 6 weeks.

Diabetic nephropathy: The initial dose is 2.5 mg once daily. In normotensive type 1 diabetics the maintenance dose is 10 mg daily, increased to 20 mg daily if necessary to achieve a sitting diastolic blood pressure below 75 mmHg. In hypertensive type 2 diabetics, the dose should be adjusted to achieve a sitting diastolic blood pressure below 90 mmHg.

In children

Hypertension:

  • 6 to 12 years of age: A starting dose for lisinopril of 70 micrograms/kg (up to 5 mg) once daily. This dose may be increased at intervals of 1 to 2 weeks to a maximum of 600 micrograms/kg or 40 mg once daily.
  • 12 to 18 years of age: An initial dose of 2.5 mg daily increased as necessary to a maximum of 80 mg daily.
  • Heart failure: 12 to 18 years of age: The initial dose of 2.5 mg once daily increased as necessary in steps of no more than 10 mg at intervals at least 2 weeks to a maximum of 35 mg once daily.

In patients with renal impairment

In adult patient with renal impairment, the initial dose of lisinopril should be reduced depending on the creatinine clearance (CC) as follows:

  • CC 31 to 80 ml/minute: 5 to 10 mg once daily.
  • CC 10 to 30 ml/minute: 2.5 to 5 mg once daily.
  • CC less than 10 ml/minute or on dialysis: 2.5 mg once daily.

The dose should be adjusted according to response, to a maximum of 40 mg once daily.
Lisinopril should not be given to children with a glomerular filtration rate of less than 30 ml/minute per 1.73 m2.

Usage:

Lisinopril STELLA 2.5 mg is only administered orally.

  • Known hypersensitivity to lisinopril, other ACE inhibitors , or to any ingredient.
  • Patients with a history of angioedema related to previous treatment with an ACE inhibitors.
  • Patients with hereditary or idiopathic angioedema.
  • Patients with aortic stenosis or hypertropic cardiomyopathy, unilateral or bilateral renal artery stenosis.
  • Pregnancy and lactation.

Most common:
Headache; persistent dry cough.

Less common:
Nausea, taste disturbance, diarrhoea; hypotension; rash (which may be associated with pruritus and urticaria); fatigue, proteinuria, fever or arthralgia.

  • Caution in patients with obstruction in the outflow tract of the left ventricle (e.g., aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy)
  • Renal artery stenosis, preexisting renal impairment, and concomitant diuretic therapy also are risk factors for renal impairment during ACE inhibitor therapy. In patients with acute myocardial infarction who have evidence of renal dysfunction (i.e., serum creatinine concentration exceeding 2 mg/dl), consider discontinuance of lisinopril if serum creatinine exceeds 3 mg/dl or doubles from pretreatment value.
  • Hyperkalemia can develop, especially in those with renal impairment or diabetes mellitus and those receiving drugs that can increase serum potassium concentration (e.g., potassium-sparing diuretics, potassium supplements, potassium-containing salt substitutes).
  • Hypoglycemia can develop in patients receiving concomitant therapy with ACE inhibitors and insulin or oral antidiabetic agents, especially during the initial weeks of combined therapy or in patients with renal impairment.
  • Persistent and nonproductive cough reported; resolves after drug discontinuance.
  • Hypotension may occur in patients undergoing surgery or during anesthesia with agents that produce hypotension.
  • When pregnancy is detected, lisinopril should be discontinued as soon as possible. Discontinue nursing or lisinopril, taking into account the importance of the drug to the woman.
  • When driving vehicles or operating machines it should be taken into account that occasionally dizziness or tiredness may occur.