July 29, 2021
STELLAPHARM was born to care and protect patient’s health, to help enhancing their lives and living longer. Your health, for today and for future.
People diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in middle age showed greater mental decline than people without metabolic problems.
Having diabetes in middle age appears to set the mind on a path toward greater cognitive decline, shaving off the equivalent of five years of brain health. These findings, published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, are in line with previous research showing a link between type 2 diabetes and dementia. The results reinforce the need for early lifestyle interventions.
“The lesson is that to have a healthy brain when you’re 70, you need to eat right and exercise when you’re 50,” said the study’s lead author, Elizabeth Selvin, an associate professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, in a press release. “There is a substantial cognitive decline associated with diabetes, pre-diabetes, and poor glucose control in people with diabetes. We know how to prevent or delay the diabetes associated with this decline.”
Even pre-diabetes can damage the brain
To learn how much impact diabetes has on brain health, researchers followed nearly 16,000 adults with an average age of 57 for more than 20 years. Thirteen percent of the participants had diabetes at the start of the study. Over the next two decades, researchers measured the volunteers’ cognitive function at three separate visits. They also monitored volunteers’ blood sugar levels using the marker HbA1c, which can be used as an indicator of how well a person’s diabetes is controlled.
In the study, people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes during middle age showed a 19 percent greater decline in mental ability, including speed of thinking and executive function, which includes the ability to plan and to organize information. The researchers estimated that this change would be similar to the mental decline that normally happens between ages 60 and 65. They calculated that diabetes in mid-life ages the brain about five years faster than normal.
Researchers also found smaller decreases in mental ability for people with undiagnosed diabetes and for those with pre-diabetes, or the early stages of diabetes. The diversity of study volunteers allowed the researchers to see that all these changes were similar across racial groups.
This is not the first study to link diabetes to age-related mental decline. Previous research, including a 2012 study in the Internal Medicine Journal, found a connection between diabetes and dementia. However, the current study suggests that brain changes may occur in people with type 2 diabetes even before they have progressed to the point of dementia. Plus, people who have not yet been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, but are on their way, may be setting the stage for a later loss of brainpower.
Lifestyle changes can offset diabetes risk
With a rapidly aging population, the scope of potential diabetes complications is far-reaching.
“If we can do a better job at preventing diabetes and controlling diabetes, we can prevent the progression to dementia for many people,” said Selvin. “Even delaying dementia by a few years could have a huge impact on the population, from quality of life to healthcare costs.”
While type 2 diabetes can be treated with medication, lifestyle changes remain an important tool for prevention. These include taking steps to eat healthily, exercise regularly, quit smoking, and maintain a healthy weight.
These activities, and others, can not only reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but also lower the chances of developing other complications related to it, such as heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and kidney disease.
“Knowing that the risk for cognitive impairments begins with diabetes and other risk factors in mid-life can be a strong motivator for patients and their doctors to adopt and maintain long-term healthy practices,” said study co-author Dr. Richey Sharrett, an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins, in a press release.
Source: Health Line
Stellapharm is one of leading generics pharmaceutical companies and strong producer of anti-viral drugs in Vietnam. The company established in Vietnam in 2000; and focuses on both prescription drugs and non-prescription especially in cardiovascular diseases, antiviral drugs, anti-diabetics drugs, etc. and our products are now used by millions of patients in more than 50 countries worldwide.
The company is globally recognized for its quality through our facilities have been audited and approved by stringent authority like EMA, PMDA, Taiwan GMP, local WHO and others.
Additional information for this article: Stellapharm J.V. Co., Ltd. – Branch 1
A: 40 Tu Do Avenue, Vietnam – Singapore Industrial Park, An Phu Ward, Thuan An City, Binh Duong Province, Vietnam
T: +84 274 376 7470 | F: +84 274 376 7469 | E: firstname.lastname@example.org | W: www.stellapharm.com
There are different types of diabetes, and no two people with diabetes are the same. So there isn’t a one-size-fits-all ‘diabetes diet’ for everyone with diabetes. But we’ve come up with tips that you can use to help you make healthier food choices. These healthy eating tips are general and can help you manage your
The A1C is a blood test that can be used to help determine how well your type 2 diabetes management plan is working. A high A1C could be a sign that it’s time to adjust your type 2 diabetes management plan. You’re doing everything right to manage your type 2 diabetes. You’re watching your carb
Prediabetes is where your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. The exact cause of prediabetes is unknown, but it’s associated with insulin resistance. This is when your cells stop responding to the hormone insulin. The pancreas produces insulin, which allows sugar (glucose) to enter
“Eating more fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk of developing diabetes by almost a quarter,” reports The Independent. The headline is prompted by a new review that pooled the results of 9 studies looking at the link between how “plant-based” over 300,000 people’s diets were, and their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The
Older adults who are excessively sleepy at daytime are twice as likely as their non-sleepy counterparts to develop either heart disease, cancer, or diabetes
What is gestational diabetes? Gestational diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels become high during pregnancy. It affects up to 10% of women who are pregnant in the U.S. each year. It affects pregnant women who haven’t ever been diagnosed with diabetes. There are two classes of gestational diabetes. Women with class
Drinking four cups of green tea and coffee on a daily basis could help people with type 2 diabetes live longer, researchers have said. Those who develop the condition are more prone to other health issues, such as dementia, cancer, and bone fractures. But now a team from Japan say they have found evidence to
Type 2 diabetes causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high. Recognizing the early signs and symptoms of this chronic condition can result in a person getting treatment sooner, which reduces the risk of severe complications. Type 2 diabetes is a common condition. A 2017 report from the Centers for Disease Control and
Carbs When you watch your diet because you have diabetes, you’ll want to pay special attention to carbohydrates, because they can affect your blood sugar level faster than protein or fat. You get carbs from sweets, fruit, milk, yogurt, bread, cereal, rice, pasta, potatoes, and other vegetables. It can help to count your carbs from
Some women can prevent gestational diabetes (diabetes in pregnancy) by getting enough exercise and changing their diet. But it’s not clear whether this also prevents complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Women’s metabolism changes in pregnancy. This can cause their blood sugar levels to increase temporarily. If certain levels are exceeded, the woman is considered to
Dementia is an umbrella term for a range of conditions that affect the brain. Symptoms often include difficulties with memory, problem-solving, language, and judgment. While dementia mainly affects older adults, it is not a regular, expected part of aging. The World Health Organization (WHO) report that 5–8% of people aged 60 or older have dementia.
Today, an estimated 5.8 million people aged 65 years or older in the United States have dementia. Due to the fact that the average lifespan of people in the U.S. has increased over recent decades, some experts project that by 2050, the number of older adults with dementia could reach 13.8 million. Figures of this